Lifestyle

What size is an object? Your description might depend on your intentions

Imagine describing the precise dimensions of a common object—like a coin—for another person. Did you move your hand, pretending to pick one up to show its size? If so, you likely weren’t alone. A new study led by a renowned University of Chicago psychologist suggests that under some circumstances, gesturing can improve the accuracy of […]

Lifestyle

Genes hold key to heart disease prevalence in Africa

The clue to the risk of Africans developing rheumatic heart disease could be in the genes, paving the way for developing vaccines and treatments to control it, a study suggests. The disease affects 40 million people globally but Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for nearly a quarter of cases, which occur particularly in children, women and adults […]

Lifestyle

Common household products should carry asthma warnings, research concludes

Commonly-used household products should carry a warning that they increase the risk of asthma, according to a new evidence review. New research conducted by Smartline, a research project funded by the European Regional Development Fund, finds evidence that a group of chemicals found in a wide range of products in people’s homes increases the risk […]

Lifestyle

Audit uncovers tobacco companies’ tactics to circumvent regulators and target kids

Smoking among young teens has become an increasingly challenging and costly public healthcare issue. Despite legislation to prevent the marketing of tobacco products to children, tobacco companies have shrewdly adapted their advertising tactics to circumvent the ban and maintain their access to this impressionable—and growing—market share. How they do it is the subject of a […]

Lifestyle

Health risks from tattoo inks not just skin deep

Permanent tattoos are becoming ever-present in Europe and North America. And with all that ink, there is an increasing number of tattoo-related side effects. There are dozens of known allergens in tattoo inks, including metallic substances and organic pigments, that go relatively unchecked in North America. Yolanda Hedberg, Western’s Canada Research Chair in corrosion science, […]

Lifestyle

How cells keep gene silencing in check

Long considered ‘junk,” non-coding RNAs have emerged as important regulators of diverse cellular processes, including the silencing of genes. Working in yeast, researchers from the Bühler group have identified more than 20 mutations that enable RNA-mediated gene silencing. The findings could improve our understanding of the factors that keep gene silencing in check. Instead of […]

Lifestyle

Advancing precision hormone therapies to reduce Alzheimer’s risk

A new University of Arizona Health Sciences study found women on hormone therapy were up to 58% less likely to develop neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s disease, and reduction of risk varied by type and route of hormone therapy and duration of use. The findings could lead to the development of a precision medicine approach to […]